Lexington Boulevard Animal Hospital is equipped with the most up-to-date surgical and anesthetic equipment available and our doctors remain current in the most recent advances through constant continuing education. Every animal under anesthetic is monitored using respiratory monitors, pulse oximetry (blood oxygen monitors), and EKG monitors. Computerized anesthetic equipment assists in the monitoring and regulation of the anesthetized patient. An in-house laboratory allows us to evaluate the patient the same day prior to surgery. Every surgical case is approached as a major procedure, from the more common ovariohysterectomy (spay) to the critical exploratory surgery. Pain management is a major component of care for our surgical patients. A comfortable patient has been shown to recover and heal more quickly.
|Abdominal Surgeries||Declaws (Cats)||Lung Lobectomies (Torsions, Tumors)|
|Urinary (Kidney and Bladder)||Ear Surgeries (Ablations, Tumor Removal)||Ovariohysterectomy (Spay)|
|Gall Bladder||Eye and Eyelid Surgeries||Reconstruction Surgeries and Skin Grafting|
|Hernia Repair (Diaphragm, Inguinal)||Splenectomies|
|Liver (Biopsies/Lobe Removal)||Intestinal Obstruction||Teeth Cleaning, Extractions|
|Stomach (Tumor, Outflow Obstructions, Torsions)||Knee (Stifle) Surgery
(Luxating Patellas, Cruciate Ligament Damage)
|Castration||Laceration Repairs||Tumor Removal (Benign and Malignant)|
|Cesarean Sections||Ligament Repair
(Cruciate, Collateral Ligaments)
|Urinary Obstruction Relief
|Uterine Infections (Pyometras)
Pre-Surgery Lab Test Recommendations
A thorough physical exam is performed the day of surgery. Unfortunately, many disease processes can occur that would not be detected by a routine physical exam alone. Many chronic or subtle disease processes cause only vague or intermittent signs and symptoms such as:
1. Changes in activity levels, either decreased or increased
2. Inability to exercise normally
3. Increased water consumption or changes in urination habits
4. Behavioral or mental changes
5. Changes in sleep or eating habits
6. Chronic vomiting or diarrhea
7. Weight loss or gain
Because an anesthetic procedure may worsen an existing disease process, we require a COMPLETE LAB PROFILE for any animal over 8 years of age. This consists of a full chemistry profile, a complete blood count and a urinalysis. If your pet is less than 8 years of age and is displaying none of the above signs, then we recommend a screening profile. This consists of a complete blood count and screening tests for liver and kidney disease. Should any of these show abnormal results, we would contact you to proceed with the full lab work up. Each of the lab tests check different aspects of a pet's health.
CBC (Complete Blood Count)
Detects anemia, a non-specific consequence of many chronic disease process, inflammation or infection.
Full Chemistry Profile
A battery of 16-20 tests that check for many types of liver and kidney problems, certain hormonal problems (including diabetes), and protein or electrolyte imbalances (calcium, sodium, potassium).
A good screening test for liver, kidney and certain hormonal abnormalities, as well as diabetes.
Provide only a screen for certain liver and kidney abnormalities. The kidney and liver are the two main organ systems that are responsible for metabolizing anesthetics. Tese tests are an aide in determining anesthetic risk, and not as a diagnostic tool in a sick or geriatric animal.
Your pet may be undergoing a surgery that will require general anesthesia, characterized by a sleep-like state with generalized muscle relaxation and pain relief. Each animal is assessed to determine which anesthesia is best depending on the procedure, age and the breed of the pet. Every animal metabolizes drugs differently. "Balanced anesthesia" is composed of small amounts of multiple drugs that minimizes the effect of any one drug, but collectively assures a safe, painfree procedure.
Initially, drugs may be used to calm the patient and reduce anxiety prior to surgery. Pain medications are used pre-emptively so that better pain control is achieved. If your pet will require general anesthesia, please fill out our anesthesia consent form before your pet is admitted for surgery.
General anesthesia may be accomplished in a variety of ways. Certain drugs can be administered by injection. We reserve these types of drugs for short, less painful procedures. Inhalant anesthesia (gas) is administered by the simple act of breathing. Gas anesthesia provides a more profound sleep and pain control with a greater degree of safety for longer procedures.
Many types of pain relief are available. For short surgical procedures with a lessor degree of pain, a single injection of a good pain medication is usually adequate. For more serious or longer procedures, constant pain relief through the use of a "pain patch" or constant rate infusion drugs are frequently used. Additional pain medication are frequently dispensed to go home with the patient when necessary.
Although the surgical skills of the surgeon are extremely important, so is the monitoring of the patient during the anesthetic procedure. At Lexington Blvd. Animal Hospital, our technicians are constantly keeping up on the latest skills for monitoring the anesthetized patient. Our equipment is state of the art including respiration(CO2 and oxygen monitors), temperature, EKG, and blood pressure monitors. IV catheters are placed to allow fluid administration and an open "line" should emergency drugs be required.
A handout will be given to you when you go home to help with the recovery of the surgery patient. We are available 24 hours a day should you need us for any reason. Please do not hesitate to call.